You can learn about temporary home instruction for a student unable to attend school.

You can also learn about the requirements for home schooling.

Medically Necessary Instruction vs. Home Schooling

Medically Necessary Instruction (also known as Home Instruction) is when a New York City public school student needs instruction while temporarily confined to his or her home due to a medical, orthopedic or serious emotional condition.

Home Schooling is when a parent chooses to educate a child at home. A parent or guardian may begin home schooling at any time.

Every year, there are some students with medical conditions that require educational services outside of the school building. These services are offered for school-aged children (from 3K to grade 12) in all five boroughs, and can include individual in-person instruction by a certified teacher, or individual and group instruction by certified teachers through digital platforms.

Taking COVID-19 into consideration, the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has determined that students who have one of the following conditions would be provisionally approved for medically necessary instruction:

  • Active Cancer
  • Adrenal Disorder
  • Cerebral Ataxia
  • Chronic Renal Diseases
  • Congenital Heart Condition
  • Congenital Lung Disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Gastro/Crohn’s Disease
  • Heart Conditions
  • Leukemia
  • Liver Disease
  • Lymphoma
  • Metabolic Disorders
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Seizures
  • Sickle Cell
  • Stroke
  • Thalassemia
  • Tumor

Any family with a student who is immunocompromised due to a medical condition or treatment for an orthopedic, non-orthopedic/medical, or psychiatric reasons may apply for medically necessary instruction. Applications from families with any condition not listed will undergo review to determine eligibility.

The curriculum will follow the student's most recent program, with changes as needed. The goal is to allow temporarily homebound students to continue their educational progress.

Medically necessary instruction is not available for students who cannot attend school because they have not met immunization requirements.

You can learn about the application process and download required forms online.

Learn more about the application process and eligibility.

Call 311 or 212-NEW-YORK (212-639-9675) for assistance by phone.

You can get information about the process required to educate a child at home.

The Department of Education does not provide instructors or instructional material to parents who choose to home school their children. Parents are solely responsible for providing instruction and materials. 

Students who receive home schooling do not accumulate credits and will not be granted a diploma.

Learn more about Home Schooling.

Call 311 or 212-NEW-YORK (212-639-9675) for assistance by phone.

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