The City is working with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Cornell University to vaccinate raccoons in several areas of New York City.

Vaccination is being done using an oral rabies vaccine bait, sometimes called ORV. The baits are small, brown colored and smell like fish. They are the size of a small ketchup packet. Inside is a pink, liquid vaccine. Raccoons are attracted to the odor, and when raccoons chew the bait, they can become immunized which protects them against infection with rabies.

Baits is distributed using bait stations or hand tossing, in wooded areas.

Vaccinating raccoons against rabies protects them from becoming infected with rabies and prevents people and pets from being bitten by a rabid raccoon.

The bait itself does not harm people, but in extremely rare instances, exposure to the liquid can cause a rash. In the unlikely event someone comes in contact with the liquid, they should wash hands with warm, soapy water, talk to their doctor, and notify the Poison Control Center at 1 (800) 222-1222.

The bait is not harmful to pets and cannot cause rabies, but it can cause vomiting if several baits are consumed. If pets find the bait, do not try to take it away from them to avoid being bitten and exposed to the vaccine.

Learn more about rabies.

Raccoons can be seen day or night. If seen out during the day, they should not be considered dangerous or assumed to carry rabies. Most raccoons pose no risk of transferring disease to humans, and the incidence of rabies in the New York City raccoon population is very small.

Do not feed raccoons. Raccoons can become a nuisance if people unknowingly supply food or shelter. Raccoons are attracted by food available in gardens, pet feeders, garbage, compost, and certain plants.

If you are bitten or scratched by a raccoon, wash the wound and see your doctor as soon as possible. Report sick or injured raccoons to 311. Make sure your pets’ rabies vaccinations are up to date. It's the law. To further protect your dogs, be sure to keep them leashed.

Raccoons can live and make their homes in urban areas because of the amount of food that is available. Raccoons around homes in New York City is not unusual. Raccoons usually live in dens in hollow trees, but in urban areas they can also live in garages, abandoned buildings, rock piles, fireplace chimneys, hollow walls, attics, or beneath sewer drains.

If you have a raccoon issue, call a professional. Before taking measures to hire a licensed trapper, property owners should eliminate whatever food or shelter is attracting raccoons to their property. Block access to areas of your home, garage, or outdoor shed where raccoons might make their homes.

For homeowners who need to a hire a licensed professional, the New York State DEC website has information on how to find a Nuisance Wildlife Control Operator.

Raccoons are attracted to any home where food is available. You can take steps to keep raccoons and other wildlife from making a home around where you live by following these guidelines:

  • Do not feed pets outside
  • Purchase raccoon-proof garbage cans or put a weight on the lids of other garbage cans
  • Do not leave bags of garbage on the ground
  • Eliminate conditions on property that can be used as dens

Get more information about keeping raccoons away from your home and property.

Although the distemper virus cannot be transmitted to humans, it may be transmitted to dogs. A raccoon seen during the day should not automatically be considered dangerous or assumed to carry rabies or distemper. The symptoms of canine distemper virus can include: 

  • Confused behavior
  • Spasms
  • Trouble breathing
  • Discharge from the nose and eyes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Aggression

Dog owners should make sure their dogs have up-to-date distemper and rabies vaccinations. You and your pets should always keep a safe distance from wildlife, and never approach a wild animal. To further protect your dogs, be sure to keep them leashed.

In the event that a person is bitten:

  • Wash the wound with soap and water immediately.
  • Call a doctor or go to an emergency room for testing.

In the event that a pet comes in contact with a sick raccoon, they should receive treatment from a veterinarian immediately.

Call 311 for assistance by phone.

You can get a fact sheet called "Raccoons in New York City: What You Need to Know." 

This fact sheet explains how you can humanely remove raccoons from your property, discourage them from returning, and what to do if you are bitten or scratched by a raccoon.


Get free copies of materials.

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